Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Mar 04, · Help your child during a coughing spell. If your child has a coughing spell, put him or her on his or her side in the crib or bed. This is a safe position because it will keep your child from choking if he or she vomits. You may also hold your child in a sitting position during a coughing syairtogel.coted Reading Time: 7 mins. Vaccine (Shot) for Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Five doses of the DTaP shot and a Tdap booster shot are recommended for children and preteens by doctors as the best way to protect against whooping cough (pertussis).Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins.
Pertussis is also called whooping cough. It is a serious lung infection caused by bacteria. It is also very contagious and causes coughing fits. Whooping cough is most serious for babies with very small airways. It can lead to death. Symptoms usually appear about 7 to 10 days after exposure. But symptoms can appear from 4 to 21 days after a person is infected. It is rare but it can take up to 6 weeks to develop symptoms.
Some people have milder symptoms, especially if they have been vaccinated. Complications of whooping cough are more common in infants and young children. They may include pneumonia, middle ear infection, loss of appetite, sleep disturbance, fainting, dehydration, seizures, altered brain function encephalopathybrief periods when breathing stops and death.
A person with whooping cough can pass it to others as soon as they get cold-like symptoms. They can also pass it up to 3 weeks after they start coughing. If the infected person takes an appropriate antibiotic, they will not spread the germ after 5 full days of treatment. Antibiotics can prevent and treat whooping cough.
Recommended antibiotics include azithromycin, erythromycin and clarithromycin. Trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole can also be used. Call your local health department, doctor or clinic for advice.
If you have close contact with an infected person, you will be given the same medicines used to treat whooping cough.
This will help prevent you and others from getting sick. Check with your doctor. An adolescent or adult without documentation of having received a primary series of at least three doses of tetanus and diphtheria Td vaccines how to charge my laptop in the car their lifetime should receive this series.
The first dose should be Tdap. The remaining two doses should be adult formulation Td. Whooping cough is still common in the United States and in many other countries.
Make sure that you and your children are fully vaccinated before traveling. Navigation menu. What are the symptoms? Symptoms appear in 3 stages: Stage one lasts weeks: runny nose, sneezing, low-grade fever, mild occasional cough. It may look like the common cold but the cough begins to get worse.
Stage two can last months: Cough becomes more severe. There are coughing fits that can be followed by a high- pitched whoop. The whoop means the person is trying to catch their breath. Sometimes a person will turn what to do for child with whooping cough and vomit mucus or food. They also may have brief periods when they stop breathing. Stage three may last weeks to months: Recovery phase is when a person slowly gets better.
Coughing water pressure surge what to do can come back if the person gets another respiratory illness.
What are the complications of whooping cough? How long is a person with whooping cough contagious? What is the treatment? If my child or another family member has been exposed to whooping cough, what should I do? What is the best way to prevent whooping cough? The best way to prevent whooping cough is to get vaccinated.
We recommend that all children and adults get a pertussis-containing vaccine. The recommended pertussis vaccine for infants and children is called DTaP. This protects children against 3 diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough pertussis.
DTaP shots are given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. To maintain protection, boosters are also given at 15 through 18 months and 4 through 6 years of age. Preteens going to the doctor for their regular checkup at 11 or 12 years of age should get a booster dose of Tdap. If a preteen did not get this Tdap at 11 to 12 years, they should be vaccinated at their next doctor visit. All adults 19 and older who have not received a Tdap vaccine, need a booster shot.
Adults should receive a tetanus and diphtheria Td booster every 10 years. They should also substitute a Tdap vaccine for one of the boosters. The Tdap can be given earlier than the year spacing. It is very important for adults to make sure they are up-to-date with their pertussis-containing vaccines if they spend any time with infants.
This includes parents, grandparents, siblings, babysitters, relatives and friends. Pregnant women should receive Tdap in the third trimester of every pregnancy to pass immunity to their newborn how to make professional frosting for cupcakes the baby is old enough to begin shots at 2 months of age.
Travelers should be up-to-date with pertussis-containing vaccines before they travel. Whooping cough occurs everywhere in the world. Health care staff who have direct contact with patients should get a single dose of Tdap if they have not already received it. What are the whooping cough vaccine requirements for school attendance? Prekindergarten Day Care, Head Start, or Nursery : 4 doses age-appropriate Kindergarten through 5th grade: 5 doses, or 4 doses with the 4th dose at 4 years of age or older.
Or, what to do for child with whooping cough doses if they start the series at 7 years of age or older Grades 6 through 12th grade: 3 doses Grades 6 to one dose of Tdap required for students enrolling in grades 6 what to do for child with whooping cough 12 who how to store data in xml using java not previously received Tdap at 7 years of age or older What should I do if I'm not sure I received whooping cough vaccine?
What should I or my family do to prevent whooping cough if we travel out of the country? Adults 19 or older should receive a single dose of Tdap vaccine. Confirm with your doctor that you have received the vaccine for pertussis.
Infants, children and adolescents should be up-to-date with pertussis-containing vaccines as described above. Revised: March Your browser does not support iFrames.
Why should my child get a whooping cough shot?
Teach your child to cough or sneeze into a tissue or into his shirt sleeve. Wash hands with soap and water often, especially after coughing or touching something that may have the bacteria on it. Disinfect toys and other objects that your child coughs on with soap and water or other household disinfectant. Jun 18, · ANSWER Whooping cough is dangerous in babies, especially ones younger than 6 months old. In severe cases, they may need to go to an ER. If you think your child might have it, see your doctor right Estimated Reading Time: 1 min. Jun 29, · Researchers investigate reported cases of whooping cough to better understand the disease, including how it spreads. In some studies they have been able to identify how a baby caught whooping cough. They determined that in most cases, someone in the baby’s household, including parents and siblings, got the child sick.
Whooping cough pertussis is an infection of the respiratory system caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis or B. It mainly affects babies younger than 6 months old who aren't yet protected by immunizations, and kids 11 to 18 years old whose immunity has started to fade.
Whooping cough causes severe coughing spells, which can sometimes end in a "whooping" sound when the child breathes in. After about 1 to 2 weeks, the dry, irritating cough evolves into coughing spells. During a coughing spell, which can last for more than a minute, a child may turn red or purple.
At the end of a spell, the child may make the characteristic whooping sound when breathing in or may vomit. Between spells, the child usually feels well. While many infants and younger kids with whooping cough develop the coughing fits and accompanying whoop, not all do.
And sometimes babies don't cough or whoop as older kids do. Infants may look as if they're gasping for air with a reddened face and may actually stop breathing this is called apnea for a few seconds during very bad spells.
Adults and teens may have milder or different symptoms, such as a prolonged cough rather than coughing spells or coughing without the whoop. Pertussis is highly contagious. The bacteria spread from person to person through tiny drops of fluid from an infected person's nose or mouth. These may become airborne when the person sneezes, coughs, or laughs. Others then can become infected by inhaling the drops or getting the drops on their hands and then touching their mouths or noses.
Infected people are most contagious during the earliest stages of the illness for up to about 2 weeks after the cough begins. Antibiotics shorten the period of contagiousness to 5 days following the start of antibiotic treatment. Whooping cough can be prevented with the pertussis vaccine , which is part of the DTaP diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis immunization.
DTaP immunizations are routinely given in five doses before a child's sixth birthday. For additional protection in case immunity fades, experts recommend that kids ages get a booster shot of the new combination vaccine called Tdap , ideally when they're 11 or 12 years old. The Tdap vaccine is similar to DTaP but with lower concentrations of diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. It also should be given to adults who did not receive it as preteens or teens. The vaccine is also recommended for all pregnant women during the second half of each pregnancy, regardless of whether or not they had the vaccine before, or when it was last given.
Getting the vaccine is especially important for people who are in close contact with infants, because babies can develop severe and potentially life-threatening complications from whooping cough. An adult's immunity to whooping cough lessens over time, so getting vaccinated and protecting yourself against the infection also helps protect your infant or child from getting it. As is the case with all immunization schedules, there are important exceptions and special circumstances.
Your doctor will have the most current information. People who live with or come into close contact with someone who has pertussis should receive antibiotics to prevent the spread of the disease, even if they've already been vaccinated against it.
Young kids who have not received all five doses of the vaccine may need a booster dose if exposed to an infected family member. The incubation period the time between infection and the start of symptoms for whooping cough is usually 7 to 10 days, but can be as long as 21 days.
Pertussis usually causes prolonged symptoms — 1 to 2 weeks of common cold symptoms, followed by up to 3 months of severe coughing.
The last stage consists of another few weeks of recovery with gradual clearing of symptoms. In some children, the recovery period can last for months. Call the doctor if you suspect that your child has whooping cough. To make a diagnosis, the doctor will take a medical history, do a thorough physical exam, and may take nose and throat mucus samples to be checked in a lab. Blood tests and a chest X-ray also might be done. Whooping cough is treated with antibiotics. Many experts believe that antibiotics are most effective in shortening the length of the infection when they're given in the first stage of the illness, before coughing spells begin.
But even if antibiotics are started later, they're still important because they can stop the spread of the pertussis infection to others. Ask your doctor whether preventive antibiotics or vaccine boosters for other family members are needed. Some kids with whooping cough need to be treated in a hospital. Babies and younger children are more likely to be hospitalized because they're at greater risk for problems like pneumonia.
Whooping cough can be life-threatening for infants younger than 6 months, so they almost always need hospital treatment. Other potential complications include difficulty breathing, periods of apnea, needing oxygen particularly during a coughing spell , and dehydration. While in the hospital, a child may need suctioning to clear the airways. Breathing will be watched closely, and oxygen given if needed. Intravenous IV fluids might be needed if a child shows signs of dehydration or has difficulty eating.
Precautions will be taken to prevent the infection from spreading to other patients, hospital staff, and visitors. If your child is being treated for pertussis at home, follow the schedule for giving antibiotics exactly as your doctor prescribed. Giving cough medicine probably will not help, as even the strongest usually can't relieve the coughing spells of whooping cough. The cough is actually the body's way of trying to clear the airways. Due to potential side effects, cough medicines are never recommended for children under age 6.
During recovery, let your child rest in bed and use a cool-mist vaporizer to help soothe irritated lungs and breathing passages. Be sure to follow directions for keeping it clean and mold-free.
And keep your home free of irritants that can trigger coughing spells, such as aerosol sprays; tobacco smoke; and smoke from cooking, fireplaces, and wood-burning stoves. Kids with whooping cough may vomit or not eat or drink much because of the coughing. So offer smaller, more frequent meals and encourage your child to drink lots of fluids. Watch for signs of dehydration, including thirst, irritability, restlessness, lethargy, sunken eyes, a dry mouth and tongue, dry skin, crying without tears, and fewer trips to the bathroom to pee or in infants, fewer wet diapers.
Call the doctor if you think that your child has whooping cough or has been exposed to someone with whooping cough, even if your child has already had all scheduled pertussis immunizations. If your child has been diagnosed with whooping cough and is being treated at home, get immediate medical care if he or she develops difficulty breathing or shows signs of dehydration.
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