List of presidents of the United States
Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected President of the United States four times: , , , and Prior to the third-term election of , it was a presidential tradition set by George Washington that presidents only held the office for two terms. Apr 08, · Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States (–45). The only president elected to the office four times, he led the U.S. through the Great Depression and World War II. He greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Deal.
Franklin D. The only president elected to the office four times, Roosevelt led the United States through two of the greatest crises of the 20th century: the Great Depression and World War II. In so doing, he greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Dealand he served as the principal architect of the successful effort to rid the world of German National Socialism and Japanese militarism.
Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States — He was the only president elected to the office four times. Roosevelt was educated privately at home until age 14, when he entered Groton Preparatory School in Groton, Massachusetts.
He entered Harvard University in He went on to attend Columbia Law School. Roosevelt married Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17, Roosevelt was the only child of James and Sara Delano Roosevelt. The family lived in unostentatious and genteel luxury, dividing its time between the family estate in the Hudson River valley of New York state and European resorts.
Young Roosevelt was educated privately at home until age 14, when he entered Groton Preparatory School in GrotonMassachusetts. At Groton, as at home, he was reared to be a gentleman, assuming responsibility for those less fortunate and exercising Christian stewardship through public service. In Roosevelt entered Harvard Universitywhere he spent most of his time on extracurricular activities and a strenuous social life; his academic record was undistinguished.
It was during his Harvard years that he fell under the spell of his fifth cousin, Pres. Roosevelt attended Columbia University Law School but was not much interested in his studies. After passing the New York bar exam, he went to work as a clerk for the distinguished Wall Street firm of Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn, but he displayed the same attitude of indifference toward the legal profession as he had toward his education.
Motivated by his cousin Theodore, who continued to urge young men of privileged backgrounds to enter public service, Roosevelt looked for an opportunity to launch a career in politics. That opportunity came inwhen Democratic Party leaders of Dutchess county, New Yorkpersuaded him to undertake an apparently futile attempt to win a seat in the state senate.
Roosevelt, whose branch of the family had always voted Democratic, hesitated only long enough to make sure his distinguished Republican Party relative would not speak against him. He campaigned strenuously and won the election. Not quite 29 when he took his seat in Albanyhe quickly won statewide and even some national attention by leading a small group of Democratic insurgents who refused to support Billy Sheehan, the candidate for the United States Senate backed by Tammany Hallthe New York City Democratic organization.
For three months Roosevelt helped hold the insurgents firm, and Tammany was forced to switch to another candidate. In how to get ip address in html New York Senate Roosevelt learned much of the give-and-take of politics, and he gradually abandoned his patrician airs and attitude of superiority.
In the process, he came to champion the full program of progressive reform. By Roosevelt was supporting progressive New Jersey Gov. Woodrow Wilson for the Democratic presidential nomination of What years was fdr elected president that year Roosevelt was reelected to the state senate, despite an attack of typhoid fever that prevented him from making public appearances how to reply to a comment on facebook mobile the campaign.
His success was attributable in part to the publicity generated by an Albany journalist, Louis McHenry Howe. Howe saw in the tall, handsome Roosevelt a politician with great promise, and he remained dedicated to Roosevelt for the rest of his life. For his work on behalf of Wilson, Roosevelt was appointed what years was fdr elected president secretary of the navy in March Roosevelt loved the sea and naval traditions, and he knew more about them than did his superior, navy secretary Josephus Danielswith whom he was frequently impatient.
After war broke out in Europe inRoosevelt became a vehement advocate of military preparedness, and following U. In the summer of he made an extended tour of naval bases and battlefields overseas. Upon his return, Eleanor Roosevelt discovered that her husband had been romantically involved with her social secretary, Lucy Mercer.
She offered him a divorce; he refused and promised never to see Mercer again a promise he would break in the s. Although the Roosevelts agreed to remain together, their relationship ceased to be an intimate one. Roosevelt Show more. Timeline Achievements Quotes. Videos Images Audio. Additional Info. Roosevelt president of United States. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Author of America in the Twentieth Century; Franklin An overview of Franklin D. Key events in the life of Franklin D. Top Questions. Roosevelt was born on January 30, Roosevelt died on April 12, A young Franklin D.
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Early political activities
See Article History United States presidential election of , American presidential election held on Nov. 8, , in which Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican Pres. Herbert Hoover. The election was the first held during the Great Depression, and it represented a dramatic shift in the political alignment of the country. Oct 17, · On November 5, Franklin D. Roosevelt broke a long-held precedent—one that started with George Washington —when he became the . 84 rows · Apr 12, · Franklin D. Roosevelt served the longest, over twelve years, before dying .
Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected President of the United States four times: , , , and Prior to the third-term election of , it was a presidential tradition set by George Washington that presidents only held the office for two terms. As a result of FDR's unprecedented four terms, the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in , limiting all future presidents to two elected terms. Who were FDR's opponents? Landon of Kansas; , Wendell L.
Wilkie of Ohio; , Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York. FDR was first inaugurated as 32nd President on March 4, The date of March 4 was set by the 12th Amendment to the U. Effective in , however, the presidential inauguration date was changed to January 20 by the 20th Amendment. Truman of Missouri January 20, - April 12, Stettinius, Jr.
Secretary of Treasury William H. Woodin, Henry Morgenthau, Jr. Secretary of War George H. Dern, Harry H. Woodring, Henry L. Stimson, Cummings, Francis W. Frank Murphy, Robert H. Jackson, Francis Biddle, Postmaster General James A. Farley, Frank C. Walker, Secretary of the Navy Claude A.
Forrestal, Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace, Claude R. Wickard, Secretary of Commerce Daniel C. Roper, Harry L. Hopkins, Jesse H. Jones, Henry A. Wallace, What were fireside chats and how many did FDR make during his presidency?
When FDR became president in , he believed that the best way to comfort and inform the public about his administration and its policies was to address them on the radio.
He considered it most effective to talk to the people as if he had joined them in their living rooms or kitchens for a relaxed, informal conversation about one or two specific topics. The term was quickly adopted throughout the media and by FDR.
There was no solid definition as to what constituted a Fireside Chat. Did women play a significant part in FDR's administrations? During FDR's presidency, women were appointed to positions that were unprecedented in terms of both number of appointments as well as rank in the United States government. The following is a list of some of the "firsts" achieved by women during the administrations of Franklin D. Secretary of Labor. S Minister. She was U.
Minister to Denmark and Iceland Daughter of William Jennings Bryan. Minister to Norway Mint Treasury Florence Allen, Ohio: First woman appointed to U. Circuit Court of Appeals Mary W.
Marion J. Harron, California: First woman member of U. Court of Tax Appeals. Carrick H. Jewell W. Swofford, Missouri: First woman member of U. Employees' Compensation Commission. Served as U. Delegate to U. Conference of Food and Agriculture. What was the Good Neighbor Policy? Under the new policy, the United States pledged that it would treat Latin American nations with respect and avoid intervening in their foreign and domestic affairs.
The goal of the policy was to strengthen the United States economy by increasing trade with Latin America. A necessary prerequisite to increased trade was the improvement of political relations with those countries and the assurance that the United States would no longer interfere in the affairs of its neighbors.
As a by-product of the policy, all Latin American countries eventually joined the United States in the war against the Axis Powers. Even as the United States was moving closer to war, FDR began to formulate his ideas for a post-war world. FDR suggested the name "United Nations" for the group, and in October he sent representatives to Moscow to begin preliminary discussions with their counterparts from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and China about the structure of a world political organization.
The leaders also agreed to call a conference in San Francisco, California on April 25, to prepare a Charter for the new organization. Despite this loss, the San Francisco Conference reached final agreement, and delegates from fifty nations signed the Charter on June 26, On October 24, the Big Five plus one-half of the other nations had ratified the Charter, and the United Nations was officially born.
Was there ever an assassination attempt on FDR? However, after the presidential election of , and before the inauguration in March , FDR nearly lost his life to an assassin's bullet. Joseph Zangara, a thirty-three year old disillusioned Italian immigrant jumped onto a park bench and fired four shots towards FDR's car. FDR was not hit, but Mayor Cermak was wounded mortally and died a few weeks later.
The public and press hailed FDR's courage in refusing to allow his driver to leave the scene before first attending to the wounded Mayor Cermak and driving him to the hospital. Zangara later stated that he did not hate FDR personally, but rather he hated all government officials and all rich people no matter from which country they came. Zangara was executed for the murder of Mayor Cermak.
The Library's mission is to foster research and education on the life and times of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, and their continuing impact on contemporary life. Roosevelt's Presidency. Walker, Secretary of the Navy Claude A.
Forrestal, Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wickard, Secretary of Commerce Daniel C. Reorganization of the Judiciary March 9, WH Economic Conditions April 14, WH Freedom of the Seas September 11, WH War with Japan December 9, WH Progress of the War February 23, WH Daughter of William Jennings Bryan J. Blair Banister, Virginia: First woman U. Assistant Treasurer. FDR Library.
Mission Statement The Library's mission is to foster research and education on the life and times of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, and their continuing impact on contemporary life.